for tomorrow

Scientific Assessment on Livestock Predation in South Africa




The 1st Lead Authors Workshop was held at the Pine Lodge Resort & Conference Centre, in Port Elizabeth, from the 10 - 11 November 2016, and was attended by the Project Management Team and the nine Lead Authors selected for each of the PredSA core themes (chapters) detailed below.

Table 1: PredSA Core Chapters and the respective Lead Authors.


Chapter Description

Lead Author


Introduction and background to the current Scientific Assessment.

Dave Balfour & Graham Kerley


History of predator-stock conflict in South Africa.

Jane Carruthers


Impacts of predators on the stock industry in South Africa.

Jane Turpie *


Review of past and current management of predators.

Jurie du Plessis


Biology/ecology of jackal and caracal and their interactions with livestock.

Liaan Minnie


Biology/ecology of other predators and their interactions with livestock.

Mike Somers


Ethical considerations in the management of livestock predator impacts.

Kevin Behrens


Legal considerations in the management of livestock predator impacts.

Marius Diemont


Review of international management practices for of predation of livestock: Lessons for South Africa.

Phil Richardson


Role of meso-predators in functioning ecosystems and the potential effects of managing their populations on these ecosystems and on regional and local biodiversity.

Craig Tambling


Synopsis of future research needs.

All authors


Summary for Policymakers.

All authors

*Represented by Walter van Niekerk at workshop as she was unable to attend.


The main purpose of this workshop was to bring the Lead Authors together in a team building environment with the overall objective being to develop the broad scope, content and structure for each theme/chapter and to summarize these outcomes as a Zero Order Draft (ZOD) outline.

The ZOD has been compiled and is effectively an expanded table of contents for each of the chapters.  Its purpose is to outline to the full Author team, the PCG and other stakeholders involved in the process, the scope of the assessment and general layout of assessment document.

This version of the ZOD will be submitted to the PCG for a motion of no-objection, and once finalised, will form the working document for the Author teams. 

11 AUGUST 2016 – PREDSA PRESENTATION AT THE ANNUAL BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE INDABA HOSTED BY DEA   Dave Balfour, the PredSA Manager, gave a presentation at the inaugural annual biodiversity research and evidence indaba being hosted by DEA in Pretoria on the 10 & 11 August 2016. He presented an overview of the PredSA project in the session dealing with strengthening the science evidence policy interface through assessments.
24 AUGUST 2016 – PREDSA PRESENTATION AT PREDATION MANAGEMENT FORUM (PMF) MEETING   Dave Balfour, the PredSA Manager, gave a presentation at a meeting of the Predation Management Forum held at the Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences at the University of the Free State.  His presentation gave an overview of the PredSA process as an evidence based approach to policy development.
28 JULY 2016 – 1st PROCESS CUSTODIANS GROUP MEETING The Process Custodians Group (PCG) is a governance structure that is in place to ensure that the Scientific Assessment process is fair and rigorous.  The PCG consists of six individuals, drawn from government, NGOs, industry and the research community as detailed in the PredSA Process page.   The group convened for the first time on 28 July 2016 at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University’s Centre for African Conservation Ecology.  The purpose of this first meeting was to discuss and confirm the PCG’s role as the PredSA process oversight group, and provide an overview of the PredSA approach and methodology. The minutes of the PCG meeting can be downloaded here.
JUNE 2016 – PredSA PROCESS DOCUMENT NOW AVAILABLE The PredSA Process Document contains a detailed description of the process that will be followed for the SA.
2 June 2016 – PredSA PROJECT LAUNCH   PredSA was formally launched on 2 June 2016 by the Deputy Director General on behalf of the Minister of the Department of Environmental Affairs at the 87th Annual Congress of the National Wool Growers Association (NWGA) in Port Elizabeth.  During his speech the DDG indicated that the scientific assessment on predation management had been identified as a priority for both government and industry, and that the Department had committed funds together with collaborating partners for this assessment. According to the DDG, this scientific assessment would serve to provide sound, scientifically-based direction to industry, and the policymakers, with the overall aim of mitigating the problems caused by predation on stock, especially by jackal and caracal.   He further stated, that “Expectations are therefore high on the impact of the outcomes of this assessment to inform industry standards, possible legislation and policy going forward.  This scientific assessment on predation management will therefore amongst other similar assessments, set the benchmark for scientifically and legally sound decision making and subsequent policy development”.